Copy editingto refine your writing, so it is clear and consistent throughout, and the style and tone are appropriate for your audience
Proofreadingto correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and word usage
Formattingto conform with style guides
Layoutto make your work visually appealing and easy to read
Referencesformatted in the style set by your institution or journal
Suggestions*to improve continuity and flow

*Academic institutions require that professional editing does not interfere with the originality of work submitted as part of the requirements for the award of a qualification. All corrections are made using track changes, for you to accept or reject. Suggestions for changes are noted in comments. Please refer to your institution’s rules for employing professional editing services.